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7/24/2012

King Ramsis II


King Ramsis II
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Birth: 1303 BC
Death: around 1213 BC (90 years old)
Father: Seti I
Mother: Tuya
Spouse: Nefertari
Successor: Merenptah (his 13th son)
Period: New Kingdom / 19th dynasty
Reign: 1279 BC to 1213 BC (66 years and 2 months)
Ramses the Great
Ramses II, aka Ramesses II, Rameses II, Sese or Ozymandias (Greek), was one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs of Egypt.
King Ramses the Second took the throne of Egypt in his early twenties (around 1279 BC) and ruled for 66 years until his death (1213 BC). He was the third ruler of the 19th Dynasty and ruled for an amazing 67 years, the second longest reign of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
He is known as Ramses the Great for his contributions to Egypt, including his war campaigns to the Mediterranean and into Nubia, as well as his construction projects, such as cities, temples and tombs.
A variety of health problems (such as arthritis and arterial issues) may have contributed to the end of the life of Ramses II, but he had accomplished much in his time.
Ramses II Biography: Architectural Accomplishments
Perhaps the best-known achievements of Ramses the Great are his architectural endeavors, most notable the Ramesseum and the temples of Abu Simbel. Ramses II's interest in architecture resulted in the erection of more monuments than any of the other ancient Egyptian pharaohs. A significant number of architectural tributes attributed to Ramses 2 still dominate the landscape of Egypt today.

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Ramses II was buried in the Valley of Kings, but had to be replaced because of looting. After a detour, his mummy was moved to tomb DB320, located near Deir el-Bahri, where it would be safe from tomb robbers. In 1881 his body was discovered there and moved to Cairo's Egyptian Museum.
The mummy learns us Ramses II was rather short for an ancient Egyptian: 5ft7 (170cm). It also shows us his hooked nose and wounds and fractures incurred in battle.
In 1974 the mummy was transported to Paris because it needed treatment for a fungal infection.
 
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